Judaism and the Resurrection of the Dead:

"The Sadducees did not believe in an afterlife,
but the [Jewish sect] Pharisees believed in a literal resurrection of the body.

Resurrections of dead people are found in the Tanakh,
such as Elijah and the widow's son at Zarephath.

...According to the New Testament,
Jesus argued with the Sadducees over the doctrine of the resurrection.

...Jesus appears to have been in general agreement
with the position held by some Pharisees,
as illustrated by his response to a question regarding marriage at the resurrection
(Matthew 22:23-32, Mark 12:18-27 and Luke 20:27-40).

While the Christian doctrine of resurrection is based on Jewish belief,
how the emphasis on this involving the actual flesh increased parallel with Christianity..."


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