A form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons
or in a dominant class or clique;
Government by the few.
"...Deliberate distortion is never permissible.
Diligently seek out subjects of news stories
to give them the opportunity to respond to allegations of wrongdoing.
Examine their own cultural values
and avoid imposing those values on others.
...Analysis and commentary
should be labeled and not misrepresent fact or context.
Deny favored treatment to advertisers and special interests
and resist their pressure to influence news coverage."
The SPJ Code of Ethics
The propagandist seeks to change the way
people understand an issue or situation
for the purpose of changing their actions and expectations
in ways that are desirable to the interest group.
Propaganda, in this sense, serves as a corollary to censorship
in which the same purpose is achieved,
not by filling people's minds with approved information,
but by preventing people from being confronted
with opposing points of view.
...Propaganda is generally an appeal to emotion, not intellect.
..."Propaganda is a form of communication
that is aimed at influencing the attitude of a community
toward some cause or position.
As opposed to impartially providing information,
propaganda, in its most basic sense,
presents information primarily to influence an audience.
Propaganda often presents facts selectively
(thus possibly lying by omission)
to encourage a particular synthesis, or uses loaded messages
to produce an emotional rather than rational response
to the information presented.
The desired result is a change of the attitude
toward the subject in the target audience..."
"The silence is deceptive in that it gives a false impression
to the person from whom the information was withheld.
It subverts the truth;
it is a way to manipulate someone into altering their behavior
to suit the desire of the person who intentionally withheld the vital information...
…Commonly, those who use this type of lie,
have conned themselves into believing that to intentionally remain silent
when ethical behavior calls for one to speak up
is not a lie at all."